MANCINELLI SARA

Dottorando di ricerca
sede: DIP.TO CHARLES DARWIN piano -1 stanza 12
telefono(i): 34218
area di ricerca:

Many species have had to co-evolve with human presence and activity throughout the world and anthropogenic stressors have radical effects on wildlife species. Large carnivores are particularly sensitive to human development, with human density, human activities and associated human–carnivore conflict being key factors determining their occurrence and persistence. During the last decade, the impact of human activities on mammalian carnivores has received increased attention and the ability of large predators to persist in human-modified landscapes has been debated.In my PhD, I am studying a specific case of coexistence between humans and a large carnivore: the gray wolf (Canis lupus). In particular, I am assessing how wolves in the central Apennines and, specifically, in the Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park, adjust their spatio-temporal niche to high human presence and activity, and how this coadaptation results in their spatial array, activity patterns, movement behavior and habitat use. In Eurasia, wolves persist in some areas where human densities are remarkably higher than the upper threshold value reported in North America. Moreover, these high human and road densities are accompanied by high levels of human activity and settlements. The coexistence tactics of wolves in areas where the environment has been altered by human activity generally involve a spatio-temporal segregation, i.e., wolves avoid being in the same place at the same times as humans. The general working hypothesis of my PhD research is to find this spatio-temporal segregation in the wolf population inhabiting the human-dominated environment of central Italy.